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History of Shrines and Shinto

§ The History of Shrines

Jinja (shrine) is the comprehensive term for buildings and facilities constructed for the worship of kami. Shrines may also be called yashiro, miya, mori, and hokora.Shrine Composition       Shrines may include the following structures: honden or sanctuary where the kami are ens...

1. Ancient Shinto (1)

Because Shinto is regarded as a natural or ethnic religion, its origins cannot be clearly specified. Rather, it must be considered a religion that was nurtured over a long history. Kami worship (jingi saishi) or shrine Shinto became systematized in a variety of aspects in or just before the period ...

1. Ancient Shinto (2)

—Kami Rites under the Ritsuryō System—With the establishment of the Ritsuryō system of legal codes from the latter half of the seventh century, Shinto ritual gradually came to be systematized. The two main pillars of the establishment of the new nation were the Ritsuryō cod...

2. Medieval Shinto

Shinto history in the medieval period demonstrates a greater degree of diversification and movement compared to the ancient period. It is possible to identify the origins of medieval Shinto thought and institutions as far back as the mid-Heian period, with the result that for purposes of explanatio...

3. Shinto in the Early Modern Period (1)

When considering the history of Shinto in Japan's early modern period, it is necessary to understand the posture adopted by the shogunate toward shrines, and the new developments that resulted. While the Tokugawa shogunate established a system of control over temples and shrines, it adopted a funda...

3. Shinto in the Early Modern Period (2)

—From Buddhistic Shinto to Confucian Shinto —One of the most conspicuous features of early modern Shinto is the shift from the prominence of Ryōbu Shintō, Sannō Shintō and other related philosophies based on the combination of buddhas and kami (see shinbutsu shūg&...

4. Modern and Contemporary Shinto

—Epochal Transformations —Shinto underwent two great changes in the modern period. The first must be called the aftermath or aftereffects of political change, while the second emerged from new currents being formed in the religious world. First let us examine the aftereffects of political...

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