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Shrine Economics

Jōchi rei

An edict issued by the Council of State in the first month of 1871, confiscating all shrine and temple lands except for the keidaichi. When the daimyōs (local feudal lords) returned their domains and the people living in them to the emperor in 1869, the Meiji government began a wide-ranging re...


An allotment of households made to shrines under the Ritsuryō system, a system of legal and administrative codes of the early Japanese state during the seventh and eighth centuries. These households were responsible for paying all taxes to the shrine (so [tax on agricultural products], chō...


Land on which a shrine located. The term shrine encompasses in this case the immediate shrine buildings as well as other constructions and edifices located on its grounds. Furthermore, shrines require land and space to maintain the shrine's dignity and places to perform rites and for public worship...

Kokuyū keidaichi haraisage

A procedure adopted to deal with problems surrounding shrines' keidaichi (shrine lands), arising from the differing situation of shrines before and after World War II. Following the 1871 Shajiryō jōchi rei (Ordinance regarding the Return of Shrine and Temple Lands), most shrines' keidaich...


A specific type of gun (district), one of the provincial administrative units under the ancient Ritsuryō system of laws and codes, that provided services to a shrine. In the eighth century eight such districts were established. Watarai-gun and Take-gun in Ise Province served the Grand Shrines ...


Land owned by a shrine, usually used especially to refer to land providing a shrine's economic support from the medieval through the early modern period. Shinryō can be divided into the sub-categories of sharyō shōen, mikuriya, and shuinchi. As private land ownership of shōen (e...

Shuinchi, Kokuinchi

In principle, shuinchi refers to land granted to shrines (and temples) by the shogun and sealed with a vermilion seal, while kokuinchi refers to land granted under a black seal by a daimyō (local feudal lord). In both cases, the shrine full administerial rights over the donated land. Confirmat...

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