Encyclopedia of Shinto Kokugakuin University
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Shrine Architecture

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A formalized gateway arch signifying entrance to a sacred area. Shrines may have one or multiple torii. When multiple torii are present, the largest one is normally called the "first torii" (ichi no torii), and stands at the approachway indicating entry to the overall shrine region. Torii may also ...


A fixed lantern or lamp found either within a shrine's precincts (keidaichi) or one of the shrine structures, and provided as a place to provide votive lights for the shrine. Lamps and lanterns were originally a fixture of Buddhist temples, but they were later adopted at Shinto shrines as well. Mos...

Yamamiya, Satomiya

"Mountain shrine" and "village shrine." In cases where a shrine complex is composed of multiple sanctuaries, the one located at the top or midway up the side of a mountain is called the yamamiya (mountain shrine), while the one located near human habitation at the foot of the mountain is called the...

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