Encyclopedia of Shinto Kokugakuin University
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Medieval and Early Modern Schools

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Suika Shintō

The form of Shinto advocated by Yamazaki Ansai, a Confucian-Shintoist (see Juka Shintō) of the early Edo period. Suika Shintō was a form of Confucianist Shintō that attempted to compiled all Shinto theories since medieval times, and until the appearance of National Learning (kokugaku...

Taishi-ryū Shintō

A Shintō tradition claiming Prince Shōtoku (Shōtoku Taishi, 574-622) as its founder and emphasizing the fundamental unity of the three teachings of Shintō, Confucianism, and Buddhism (sankyō itchi). Shōtoku Taishi, with the support of the Soga clan—and against th...

Tsuchimikado Shintō

A form of Shinto formulated in the mid-Edo period by the head of court diviners (onmyō no kami) Tsuchimikado Yasutomi. Yasutomi synthesized the astrological and calendrical theories transmitted by the Onmyōdō specialists of the Abe clan (later known as Tsuchimikado) that originated ...

Tsushima Shintō

A term used to refer to the shrines and cults characteristic of the island Tsushima in the Sea of Japan, although the actual meaning of the term is not well defined. The island of Tsushima has been very important since antiquity as an intermediary station on maritime routes. Many of Tsushima's shri...

Uden Shintō

Shinto doctrines enunciated by Kamo no Norikiyo (a.k.a. Umetsuji no Norikiyo, 1798-1862). Norikiyo hailed from a family of Shinto priests at the shrine of Kamo wake Ikazuchi Jinja, and constructed his teachings on the basis of the Shinto transmissions that had emerged there. In the sense that these...

Unden Shintō

A branch of Shinto founded by the Edo-period Shingon monk Jiun Onkō (1718-1804). As Jiun lived on Mt. Katsuragi, it is also called Katsuragi Shintō. Jiun's learning extended not only to esoteric Buddhism, siddham (Sanskrit philology), and Zen, but also to Confucianism and Shinto. In parti...

Yoshida Shintō

A body of Shinto theory and a tradition that played a central role in kami matters from the late Muromachi through the early-modern periods. The school was founded by Yoshida Kanetomo (1435-1511), who called his tradition yuiitsu shintō ("only-one Shintō"), sōgen shintō ("origin...

Yoshikawa Shintō

A lineage of Shinto formulated in the early Edo period by the Shinto scholar Yoshikawa Koretari (1616-1694). Koretari was originally a merchant from Nihonbashi in Edo, but after studying Shinto matters and waka poetry under Hagiwara Kaneyori (1590-1660), an influential exponent of Yoshida Shint!...

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