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Abe no Seimei

  Mid-Heian-period master of on'myōdō and founder of the Tsuchimikado clan. Generally believed to have been born in the province of Sanuki (present-day Kagawa Prefecture), and purported to have been the descendant of Abe no Kurahashimaro, Minister of the Left. Taught by father-and-son Yin...

Aizawa Seishisai

  Confucian scholar and samurai retainer of the Mito Domain (located in present-day Ibaraki Prefecture) in the late Edo period. Birth name Yasushi. His style was Hakumin, and his common name was Tsunezō, while he had the epistolary names Seishisai and Keisai. An eager student from an early age, ...

Ajiro Hironori

  Scholar of National Learning (kokugaku) and priest at the Grand Shrines of Ise (Ise Jingū) in the late Edo period. His common name was Shikibu, and epistolary name Yutai. Born in 1784 in Yamada in the province of Ise (present-day Mie Prefecture), Ajiro's father was Ajiro Hirotoshi, Suppliant P...

Akihiro Ō (Prince Akihiro)

  The person who laid the foundations for the medieval Department of Divinities (Jingikan) and the Shirakawa Hakuō house that transmitted the hereditary position of Superintendent of the Jingikan (jingihaku). Akihiro was a fifth-generation prince, descendent of the son and imperial heir of Emper...

Amano Sadakage

  Mid-Edo period scholar of National Learning (kokugaku) and samurai retainer of Owari Nagoya Domain (in present-day Aichi Prefecture). His style was Shiken, his common name was Jibu, and he used the epistolary name Hakuka. The son of town magistrate Amano Nobuyuki, Sadakage inherited the family esta...

Aoto Namie

  Shinto priest (shinshoku) and Instructor of Shinto Liturgy (reiten shihan) in the Meiji and Taisho eras. Born on the eighth day of the tenth month of 1857 in the village of Matsue Watami (present-day Tottori Prefecture) as the fourth son of Aoto Kentei, priest of the shrine Mefu Jinja. Namie pursue...

Aoyagi Tanenobu

  Scholar of National Learning (kokugaku) near the end of the early modern period, and samurai retainer of Fukuoka Domain in Chikuzen (present-day Kyushu). Born in Fukuoka, Aoyagi was posted to Edo, where he interacted with prominent kokugaku scholars of the Edo school such as Noda Moronari, Katō...

Aoyama Kagemichi

  National Learning (kokugaku) scholar of the Hirata Atsutane school during the late Edo and early Meiji eras. Born in 1819 to the Aoyama family, samurai retainers of the Naegi Domain in Mino Province (present-day Gifu Prefecture). He entered into studies with the Hirata family and rose to become a p...

Arai Hakuseki

  Confucian scholar of the mid-Edo period. His formal name was Kinmi and style names included Zaichū and Zaibi. His common names were Yogorō and Denzō, and his epistolary name was Hakuseki.        Born in Edo on the tenth day of the second month of 1657, Arai initia...

Arakida Hisaoyu

  Scholar of National Learning (kokugaku) and poet of the mid-Edo period. The second son of Hashimura Masanobu, Arakida used the epistolary name Itsukisono. He was appointed Provisional Suppliant Priest (gon-negi) at the Outer Shrine of the Grand Shrines of Ise (Ise Jingū) at the age of eight. H...

Arakida Moritake

  Originator of the style of poetry known as Ise haikai (haiku). Member of the priesthood (shinshoku) of the Inner Shrine (Naikū) at the Grand Shrines of Ise (Ise Jingū) in the period of Warring Provinces (sengoku, ca. 1457-1568). Arakida was the ninth son of Suppliant Priest (negi) Sonoda ...

Arakida Suehogi

  Scholar and priest at the Grand Shrines of Ise (Ise Jingū) in the late Edo period. His common name was Genban, later changed to Daigaku ("Great Learning"). Arakida was adopted into the Masuya family, who held the hereditary post of Provisional Suppliant Priest (gon-negi) and Steward Priest (uc...

Arakida Tsunetada

  Scholar and priest at the Grand Shrines of Ise (Ise Jingū) in the late Edo period. Born in 1742 to Nakagawa Tsuneyuki in the town of Uji in Ise Province (present-day Mie Prefecture). His common name was Tsunetada, but he later changed it to Bungo. His birth family held the hereditary office of...

Arisugawa no Miya Takahito Shinnō (Prince Arisugawa)

  Eighth-generation Arisugawa courtier and member of the imperial family of the later Edo and early Meiji periods. Born in the first month of 1812 in Kyoto. First son and heir of Imperial Prince (shinnō) Tsunahito (1785-1845). In 1822, Takahito was adopted by Emperor Kōkaku (1771-1840). The...

Asami Keisai

  Scholar of the Neo-Confucianist Zhu Xi school in the mid-Edo period. Formal name Yasumasa, common name Jūjirō. Born in Takashima District, Ōmi Province (present-day Shiga Prefecture), Asami first worked as a physician before beginning Zhu Xi studies under Yamazaki Ansai (1618-82) at ...

Atobe Yoshiakira

  A practitioner of Suika Shintō. Born on the twelfth day of the second month of 1658 with the lineage name of Minamoto (Genji), Atobe's common name was Kūnai and his formal name was initially Ryōken, but it was later changed to Yoshiakira. He also had the epistolary name Jūjosai ...

Ban Nobutomo

  Scholar of National Learning (kokugaku) and samurai retainer of Obama Domain in Wakasa Province. His first name was Korenori, and he had the epistolary name Kotoi (written with two different sets of Sino-Chinese characters). Born in 1773 in Onyū District, Wakasa Province (present-day Obama Cit...

Bonshun

  Shinto practitioner and Buddhist priest of the Azuchi-Momoyama and early Edo periods. He went by such epistolary names as Shinryūin and Ryūgen. Born in 1553 as the son of Yoshida Kanemigi, advocate of Yoshida Shintō, his elder brother was the Shintoist Yoshida Kanemi. As the inherito...

Deguchi Nao

  Founder of the religious group Ōmoto . Born in the castle town Fukuchiyama in Tanba Province (present-day Kyoto Prefecture), Nao was the eldest daughter of carpenter Kirimura Gorōsaburō, but was later adopted into the Deguchi household. Her husband Masagorō was also a carpenter ...

Deguchi Nobutsune

  A priest of the Outer Shrine (Gekū) of the Grand Shrines of Ise (Ise Jingū) in the mid-Edo period, with the priestly rank of gon-negi (Provisional Suppliant). His original lineage name was Watarai, he had the common names Gondayū and Tatewaki, and used the epistolary name Kōkod&...



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