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Kami in Classic Texts


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Omodaru, Ayakashikone

  The sixth of the first seven generations of kami, produced immediately prior to Izanagi and Izanami. It is generally believed that the two kami actually represent a single being, Omodaru being the male half and Kashikone the female, but no other specific attributes are known. According to Motoo...

Omoikane

  Other names: Tokoyo no omoikane no kami(Kojiki)An offspring of the kami Takamimusuhi, and endowed with the ability to "think together" (omoi-kane) about various things. In Sendai kuji hongi, the kami's name is also given as Yagokoro Omoikane no kami ("the kami that thinks together myriad thoughts")...

Ōmononushi

  The kami enshrined on Mt. Miwa in Yamato at the time Ōkuninushi was engaged in the work of firming the land of Japan. According to Nihongi, Ōmononushi was an alternate name for Ōkuninushi. Nihongi also identifies Ōmononushi with Ōnamuchi's sakimitama and kushimitama (though...

Ōnamuchi

  Usually considered an alternate name for the kami Ōkuninushi, although works like Izumo fudoki and Izumo no kuni no miyatsuko kan'yogoto describe Ōnamuchi as a "land-forming kami." As a result, it appears likely that Ōnamuchi was originally an indigenous land-creating kami of the Izu...

Ōnaobi, Kamunaobi

  Kami which came into being in the process of Izanagi's lustration at a river mouth in Awakihara of Tachibana, Hyūga, in Tsukushi Province (present-day Kyushu) following his return from the underworld of Yomi. When Izanagi bathed in the middle current of the river, the first kami to appear ...

Ōtonobe

  Other names: Ōtomabe no kami(Nihongi)The female member of the fifth pair in the first seven generations of the "age of kami." While numerous theories have been suggested regarding the significance of the kami's name, none have been generally accepted. Nihongi notes that variant traditions exis...

Ōtonoji

  Other names: Ōtonoji no mikoto (Nihongi) The male member of the fifth pair in the first seven generations of the "age of kami." Nihongi also includes variant traditions under the names Ōtonobe no mikoto, Ōtomahiko no mikoto, and Ōtomuji no mikoto. Ōtonoji was the male count...

Ōtoshi

  The offspring of Susanoo and Kamuōichihime (daughter of Ōyamatsumi). Together with his sibling Ukanomitama no kami and his offspring Mitoshi no kami, Ōtoshi is viewed as a tutelary of grains. Shrines dedicated to this deity can be found throughout Japan under the name Ōtoshi Jin...

Ōyamatsumi

  According to Kojiki, one of the deities produced as Izanagi no mikoto and Izanami no mikoto gave birth to the land (see kuniumi). According to an "alternate writing" transmitted by Nihongi, Ōyamatsumi was produced from one of the three pieces into which Kagutsuchi was cut by Izanagi. The t...

Ōyashimaguni

  "Great-Eight-Island-Land," a poetic epithet for Japan noted in the early classics Kojiki and Nihongi. According to Kojiki, when Izanagi and Izanami stood on the floating bridge of heaven and dipped down the heavenly spear, the foam that dripped from its tip became the island of Onogoroshima, where ...

Ōyatsuhime, Tsumatsuhime

  The daughters of Susanoo, and tutelaries of wood production. According to an "alternate writing" transmitted by Nihongi, when Susanoo was in the land of Karakuni (Korea), he plucked out his own body hair and transformed it into the trees needed for ships, dwellings, utensils, and food. The seeds fr...

Sahimochi

  In Kojiki, identified as the "One-Fathom wani" (literally, "crocodile," but now believed to refer to a shark) which delivered Hoori no mikoto (Hohodemi) from the undersea palace of the sea kami Watatsumi to the "upper land." Watatsumi gathered the fishes from within the sea and asked for a voluntee...

Saonetsuhiko

  Other names: Shinetsuhiko(Nihongi), Uzu hiko (Nihongi)A kami who met Emperor Jinmu, befriended him and guided him on his passage through the sea during the emperor's eastern campaign. The kami was said to be the ancestor of Yamato provincial governors (miyatsuko) and the Yamato no Atai clan. In Nih...

Sarutahiko

  A kami who went out to the "eight crossroads of heaven" to meet and act as guide to the heavenly grandchild Ninigi at the time of his descent (tenson kōrin). Sarutahiko was described as having a fantastic appearance, with a nose seven spans long, a height of over seven feet, and with eyes that...

Shinanonosakanokami, Ashigarasakanokami

  Two kami subdued by Yamatotakeru during his eastern campaign. After passing through the provinces of Musashi and Kōzuke, Yamatotakeru arrived at the pass of Ashigara on the border of the provinces of Sagami and Suruga, where he met the kami of Ashigarasaka in the form of a white deer. Yamatota...

Shinatsuhiko

  Other names: Shinatobe no mikoto (Nihongi)According to an "alternate writing" transmitted by Nihongi, Shinatsuhiko was a kami produced at the time Izanagi and Izanami gave birth to the land (kuniumi). As he produced the land of Japan, Izanagi used his breath to dispel the mist covering the country,...

Shitateruhime

  Other names: Takahime no mikoto (Kojiki), Takahime, Wakakunitama (Nihongi)The daughter of the land deities (kunitsukami) Ōkuninushi and Takiribime, and who became the wife of Amewakahiko when he descended from heaven to negotiate for the "transfer of the land" (kuniyuzuri). When Amewakahiko di...

Shizuri

  Other names: Shidori no kami takehazuchi no mikoto (Nihongi)According to Nihongi, the kami who completed the process of pacifying the "central land of reed plains" by subduing the final rebellious kami, the "star kami" Kakaseo, thus preparing the way for the Descent of the Heavenly Grandchild (tens...

Sukunahikona

  A kami who assisted Ōnamuchi in the "forming of the land." According to Kojiki, Sukunahikona was a tiny kami who fell from between the fingers of its parent (oyakami) Kamimusuhi (according to Nihongi, Takamimusuhi). In Kojiki, Sukunahikona first appears riding on the waves in a boat made from ...

Susanoo

  Other names: Take haya susanoo no mikoto(Kojiki)A kami introduced by (Kojiki) as having come into being from the nose of Izanagi no mikoto as he was performing ablutions (misogi) to rid himself of pollution encountered while in the underworld (Yomi). In Nihongi, however, Susanoo is described as bei...



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