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Kami in Classic Texts


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Ukemochi

  A deity appearing in an "alternate writing" quoted within Nihongi. The name uke is synonymous with uka, meaning "food," with the result that ukemochi no kami means a tutelary of foodstuffs, although some theories suggest that the kami is identical to Ōgetsuhime. According to Nihongi, Amaterasu...

Umashiashikabihikoji

  Oher names: Umashi ashikabi hikoji no mikoto(Nihongi)A kami that appeared in the process of formation of heaven and earth. Acording to Kojiki and an "alternate writing" quoted in the Nihongi, when the land was first formed, it was uncongealed like floating oil, and drifted about like a jellyfish. F...

Umisachi

  Other names: Hoderi no mikoto (Kojiki), Hoakari no mikoto, Hosusori no mikoto, Ho no suseri no mikoto, Ho no susor no mikoto, Hosuseri no mikoto, Ho no susumi no mikoto (Nihongi).An offspring of Ninigi and Konohana Sakuyahime. Accounts differ in the description of the process of his birth and origi...

Umugaihime, Kisagaihime

  According to the Kojiki account, the two deities dispatched by Kamimusuhi to resurrect Ōnamuchi after his eighty brothers had killed him with a heated rock. Kisagaihime gathered shavings from seashell and Umugaihime mixed them with the juice from a clam, applying them "as mother's milk" to the...

Uwazutsunoo, Nakazutsunoo, Sokozutsunoo

  Three kami produced during Izanagi's purification (see misogi, harae). When Izanagi returned from the land of Yomi, he bathed at Awakihara of Tsukushi in order to purge the pollution of death. According to Kojiki, when he rinsed at the bottom of the sea, the deity Sokozutsunoo was produced together...

Wakahirume

  A kami of uncertain identity appearing in an "alternate writing" transmitted in Nihongi's "divine age" chapters. Wakahirume is sometimes identified as the child or younger sister of Amaterasu, or as Amaterasu herself. The name Wakahirume ("young-day-female") suggests a contrast to Ōhirume ("gr...

Wakaukanome

  The object of worship (saijin) of the Hirose Shrine, known as Hirose no ōmikami, and revered as a tutelary of foodstuffs. The Hirose Ōimi no Matsuri, an official court rite invoking the maturation of crops, was held at the Hirose ni masu Wakaukanome no Mikoto Shrine (listed in Engishiki's...

Wakumusuhi

  Other names: Wakamusuhi(Nihongi) As part of Kojiki's account of Izanagi and Izanami's procreation of the kami (kamiumi), Wakumusuhi was, together with Mitsuhanome, one of two kami produced from the urine of Izanami after she was burned while giving birth to the fire kami Kagutsuchi. In turn, one o...

Watatsumi

  Other names: Watatsumi no ō-kami(Kojiki), Watatsumi no mikoto(Nihongi)A tutelary of the sea. According to Kojiki, the sea deity Ōwatatsumi no kami was produced by Izanagi and Izanami as part of the process of giving birth to the kami (kamiumi). Both Kojiki and Nihongi record that when Iza...

Wazurainoushi

  Other names: Wazurai no kami(Nihongi)A kami produced when Izanagi returned from the underworld of Yomi and performed ablutions (misogi, harae). Before entering the water, Izanagi cast down his staff, belt, clothes, and footwear; according to both Kojiki and Nihongi, Wazurainoushi was produced from ...

Yahirowani

  "Eight-fathom shark." Although the word wani today means "crocodile," the animal referred to here is believed to have been a "great shark." According to Kojiki, Toyotamabime took the form of this animal when she gave birth to Hohodemi's child. Shamed by being seen in this form, Toyotamabime lef...

Yakusanoikazuchi

  The "eight kinds of thunder kami" that festered inside Izanami's corpse as seen by her consort Izanagi in the underworld of Yomi. Suffering mortal injury from giving birth to the fire kami Kagutsuchi, Izanami died and went to the underworld, where she was followed by Izanagi. Disobeying Izanami's w...

Yamatanoorochi

  A great serpent (the name means "eight-forked-snake") defeated by Susanoo. Banished from the Plain of High Heaven, the kami Susanoo descended to the peak of Torikami at the headwaters of the Hi River in Izumo Province (believed to be a reference to present-day Mt. Sentsū on the upper Hii River...

Yamatonoōkunitama

  Other names: Yamato no ōkunitama no kamiThe central deity (saijin) of the Ōyamato Shrine, but possessing ambiguous attributes. According to Nihongi's record of the sixth year of Emperor Sujin's reign, Yamato no Ōkunitama was originally enshrined together with Amaterasu ōmikami i...

Yamatotakeru

  Other names: Ousu no mikoto (Kojiki, Nihongi), Yamatooguna no miko (Kojiki), Yamatooguna (Nihongi).A son of Emperor Keikō, and father to Emperor Chūai. Yamatotakeru's mother was Ōiratsume of Inabi in Harima, the daughter of Wakatakekibitsuhiko, ancestor of the clan known as Kibi no O...

Yamatsumi

"mountain kami".Generic name for any kami identified with a mountain, or that dwells in a mountain. Also called yama no kami (kami of the mountain). The original meaning of yamatsumi is yama-tsu-mi ("holder of the mountain"), signifying that the kami possessed the mountain as its entitled domain. K...

Yashimajinumi

  Other names: Suga no yuyamanushi mina samoruhiko yashimajino ("Master of Yu Mountain in Suga, whose name is Sa[mo]ruhiko Yashimashino"), Yashimano, Suga no yuina saka karuhiko yashimade no mikoto ("the Master of Yu in Suga whose name is Sakakaruhiko yashimade no mikoto") (Nihongi).An offspring of S...

Yasomagatsuhi

  Kami of disorder, produced when Izanagi returned from the underworld of Yomi and underwent ablutions (misogi). Yasomagatsuhi or "eighty myriads of disorder" was produced from the pollution which Izanagi had suffered in the land of death. According to Kojiki, after Yasomagatsuhi was produced, Ō...

Yatakarasu

  Other names: Yata no karasu(Kojiki, Nihongi)A great crow sent from heaven by Takagi no kami (according to Kojiki) or by Amaterasu (Nihongi) as a guide to assist Emperor Jinmu on his eastern campaign. Kogo shūi states that Jinmu was guided on his progress by Yatagarasu, the remote ancestor of t...

Yomidonisayarimasuōkami

  Other names: Sayarimasu yomido no ōkami(Kojiki), Yomido ni futagarimasu ōkami(Nihongi), Chigaeshi no ōkami(Kojiki, Nihongi)."The great kami obstructing the way to the underworld." At the time Izanagi declared his divorce from his dead consort Izanami and fled from the underworld of Y...



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