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Kami in Classic Texts


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Amenotokotachi

  Other names: Ame no tokotachi no mikoto(Nihongi)One of the primeval kami appearing in the myth of the unfolding of heaven and earth. This kami is described as only an abstract being, without shape or other attributes. Most commentators view this kami as an offspring of Kunitokotachi.According to Ko...

Amenouzume

  Other names: Ame no uzume no mikoto(Kojiki,Nihongi)The goddess who danced so as to lure Amaterasu from the heavenly rock cave. At the Descent of the Heavenly Grandchild (tenson kōrin), she was sent along as one of the "chiefs of the five clans" (itsutomonoo), and became known as the ancestral ...

Amewakahiko

  Other names: Ame no wakahiko(Kojiki, Nihongi)The child of Amatsukunitama. In preparation for the Descent of the Heavenly Grandchild (tenson kōrin), Amenohohi was first sent from the Plain of High Heaven to the residence of the earth kami Ōkuninushi, to pacify the Central Land of Reed Plai...

Ameyuzuruhiamenosagirikuniyuzuruhikuninosagiri

  The first kami to appear in the myth of the unfolding of heaven and earth, according to Sendai kuji hongi alone. This kami has been interpreted as an expression of the sun shining into a mist symbolizing chaos, but as a kami in name and without substance, it is probably apt to view it as a supernum...

Awanagi, Awanami

  Other names: Awanagi no mikoto(Nihongi)According to Kojiki, two deities born as a result of a division of rule over rivers and seas by the two kami of the sea-straits, Hayaakitsuhiko and Hayahakitsuhime. Some interpretations vary by identifying the two as offspring of Izanagi and Izanami. According...

Awasakumitama, Sokodokumitama, Tsubutatsumitama

  Alternate names for the kami Sarutahiko. At the time of the Descent of the Heavenly Granchild (tenson kōrin), Sarutahiko met him and acted as guide; later he returned to his native land, accompanied by Amenouzume. Afterwards, he was fishing at Azaka (present day Matsuzaka-shi) in the district ...

Chimatanokami

  The tutelary kami of "crossroads" or "forking paths." According to Kojiki, this kami was produced when Izanagi threw down his formal trousers (mihakama) in order to perform ablutions at the Straits of Tachibana after returning from the underworld land of Yomi (Yomotsukuni). The same kami's name doe...

Funado

  Other names: Kunado sae no kami (Nihongi), Tsukitatsu Funado no kami (Kojiki)The first of the kami produced by Izanagi as he threw down his staff in preparation for ablutions at "Awakihara by the Strait of Tachibana in Hyūga of Tsukushi" following his visit to the underworld (Yomi). According ...

Futodama

  A kami identified as ancestor of the Inbe clan, and whose characteristics are believed to reflect the official functions of the clan as court ritualists. Kogo shūi records Futodama as the child of Takuhatachijihime, and grandchild of Takamimusuhi no kami. At the time of Amaterasu's hiding away...

Futsunomitama

  Other names: Sajifutsu no kami, Mikafutsu no kami (Kojiki) The personification of a divine sword. At the time of Emperor Jinmu's campaign to the east, Amaterasu ordered Takemikazuchi to assist the beleaguered Jinmu, whereupon Takemikazuchi miraculously sent his divine sword Futsu no mitama to appea...

Futsunushi

  A tutelary kami of swords, interpreted by some as the divine personification of the sacred sword Futsu no mitama, and revered as one of the ancestral kami (sojin) of the Fujiwara clan. Futsunushi's activities frequently overlap with those of the kami Takemikazuchi, such as when the latter joins the...

Gonansanjoshin

  "Five male and three female kami," a collective term referring to the offspring produced as a result of Amaterasu and Susanoo's trial by pledge (ukei). The three female kami were produced from the "seed" (monozane) represented by Susanoo's ten-span sword. Amaterasu broke the sword into three sectio...

Haniyasu

  A tutelary kami of earth. According to an "alternate writing" recorded in Nihongi, Haniyasu no kami was produced by Izanagi and Izanami after they had completed giving birth to the "Great Eight-Island Country" (Ōyashimaguni). The name haniyasu is thought to mean "to knead earth so as to make i...

Haruyamanokasumiotoko, Akiyamanoshitabiotoko

  A pair of sibling kami who appear in the middle chapters of Kojiki. The elder brother Akiyama no Shitabiotoko ("fall-mountain-ruddy-man") wagered with his younger brother Haruyama no Kasumiotoko ("spring-mountain-mist-man") as to whether the latter could win the hand of the maiden Izushiotome no ka...

Hayaakitsuhi, Hayaakitsuhime

  Other names: Haya akitsuhiko no kami(Kojiki), Haya akitsuhi no mikoto(Nihongi), Minato no kami (Kojiki)One of the kami produced by Izanagi and Izanami in Kojiki's account of the "birth of the land" (kuniumi). The two kami form a single pair, and Minato no kami is used as their collective name. Acco...

Hayatamanoo

  The first kami appearing after Izanagi went to the underworld of Yomi and parted from his deceased spouse Izanami, according to an "alternate writing" recorded in Nihongi. Although Izanagi traveled to the underworld to visit Izanami, he broke his vow not to look at her decaying state, and this betr...

Hezakaru, Hetsunagisabiko, Hetsukahibera

  According to Kojiki, three kami which came into existence when Izanagi threw down armbands (bracelets decorated with pearls and jewels) from his right arm in preparation for purification after his return from the underworld of Yomi. The prefix he (beach or shoreline) contrasts to the oki (offing) p...

Hinokuma, Kunikakasu

  Central kami (saijin) at the Hinokuma Kunikakasu Shrines. At the time of Amaterasu's retreat into the rock cave of heaven, the kami Ishikoridome cast a "sun-image mirror," but his first attempt was imperfect. This first mirror is interpreted by some as Hinokuma no kami; others suggest that one mirr...

Hiruko

  "Leach-child," a deformed infant born to Izanagi and Izanami as a result of Izanami's mistake in speaking first to Izanagi during their courtship. The child was placed in a reed boat and set adrift. The meaning of the child's name is debated, although hiruko means "leach," and the name may suggest ...

Hitokotonushi

  Other names: Katsuragi no hitokotonushi no ōkami (Kojiki)A kami appearing on Mount Katsuragi, near the border of Yamato and Kawachi Provinces, and who could utter oracles of good or evil with the decisive speaking of a "single word" (hito-koto). The central deity (saijin) of the Hitokotonushi ...



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