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Kami in Classic Texts


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Mihotsuhime

  According to an "alternative writing" transmitted by Nihongi, Mihotsuhime was the daughter of Takamimusuhi no mikoto, given in marriage to Ōmononushi (see Ōkuninushi no kami). In the episode known as the "transfer of the land" (kuniyuzuri), Takamimusuhi warned Ōmononushi that if the ...

Mikahayahi, Hihayahi

  According to Kojiki, when Izanami died as a result of giving birth to the fire kami Kagutsuchi, her consort Izanagi was enraged and beheaded Kagutsuchi with his "ten-span sword." Blood falling on the rocks from the near end of the sword was transformed into the two kami Mikahayahi and Hihayahi. An ...

Mimoronookanokami

  "The kami of Mimoro Peak." In Kojiki expressed as Mimoro no yama no he ni masu kami ("the kami enshrined upon Mount Mimoro"). After Sukunahikona went to the "eternal land" (tokoyo no kuni), the kami of Mimoro Peak was enshrined by Ōkuninushi on Mt. Miwa (also frequently referred to as Mt. Mimo...

Mitsuhanome

  Other names: Itsu no Mitsuhanome no kami(Kojiki)A kami of water. Upon giving birth to the fire kami Kagutsuchi, Izanami fell ill and the kami Mitsuhanome was produced from her urine. According to Nihongi, Mitsuhanome was produced just before Izanami died; Nihongi's record of Emperor Jinmu states th...

Mizokui

  Other names: Mizokuimimi no kami (Nihongi)Mother of the kami Seyatatarahime. According to Kojiki, Seyatatarahime was of such beauty that Ōmononushi fell in love with her and transformed himself into a red-lacquered arrow which struck her genitals, impregnating her. As a result, Seyatatarahime ...

Nainokami

  A kami worshiped following disastrous earthquakes. The earliest historical record of an earthquake in Japan appears in a poem included in Nihongi's account of Emperor Buretsu, but the first record of an earthquake kami and its worship comes from Nihongi's records of the reign of Empress Suiko. In s...

Nakayamatsumi

  "Middle-mountain-body," a kami described in an "alternate writing" recorded by Nihongi as one of the five yamatsumi ("mountain-body kami") produced from the five parts into which the fire kami Kagutsuchi was dismembered by Izanagi. Nakayamatsumi was produced from the middle (trunk) of Kagutsuchi's ...

Nakisawame

  Other names: Nakisawame no mikoto(Nihongi) A kami produced from the tears of Izanagi, shed as he clutched the dead body of his consort Izanami. This kami was said to be enshrined at the "base of the trees" (Kinomoto) at Uneo on the foothills of the mountain Amanokaguyama. The anthology Man'yōs...

Nanashionokigishi, Nanashimenokigishi

  Other names: Nakime (Kojiki)A divine pheasant (kishi) appearing in an "alternate writing" recorded in Nihongi's divine age chapters. According to this record, Amewakahiko was sent to the "Central Land of Reed Plains" (Ashihara no Nakatsukuni) but failed to return, so the pheasant Nanashionokigishi ...

Nigihayahi

  A kami claimed as ancestor of the Mononobe clan. According to Nihongi, Nigihayayi descended from heaven in the "heavenly rock boat," took for wife Mikashigiyahime (younger sister of Nagasunehiko), and thus fathered Umashimade no mikoto. The account in Kojiki is similar, except that Nigihayahi is de...

Ninigi

  Other names: Amatsu hiko hiko ho no ninigi no mikoto, Amatsu hiko ho no ninigi no mikoto, Hiko ho no ninigi no mikoto(Kojiki), Amatsu hiko kuni teru hiko hono ninigi no mikoto, Amatsu hikone ho no ninigi no mikoto, Ame kuni nigishi hiko ho no ninigi no mikoto, Ame no ki hohokise no mikoto(Nihongi) ...

Niutsuhime

  A female kami and central deity (saijin) of the Niutsuhime Shrine in Katsuragi, Ito District, Wakayama Prefecture. The deity may be the same as the Nihotsuhime seen in the legend of Empress Jingū related in a fragmentary passage of the Harima no kuni fudoki as contained in Shoku Nihongi. The k...

Ōgetsuhime

  A deity of grains. The name Ōgetsuhime means the "great female of foods" (ge or ke here signifying foodstuffs). The kami is described as an offspring of Izanagi and Izanami, and is also considered a divinized referent to the ancient province of Awa. At the time Susanoo was expelled from the Pl...

Ōiminokami

  Other names: Wakauka no me no mikoto (Engishiki)The kami worshiped in the festival Hirose Ōimi no matsuri. According to Nihongi's record for the fourth year of Emperor Tenmu (675 C.E.), worship was presented to Ōimi no kami at Kawawa in Hirose, and to the wind deities in Tatsuta. The Hiro...

Ōkamuzumi

  The name given to the peaches that saved Izanagi during his flight from the underworld. As Izanagi fled from the underworld of Yomi, Izanami sent the "forces of Yomi" under the leadership of the "eight thunder deities" (yakusa no ikazuchi no kami). Izanagi waited at the Even Pass of Yomi, the borde...

Okinagatarashihime

  Other names: ŌtarashihimeA reference to the legendary Empress Jingū, consort of Emperor Chūai. According to Kojiki and Nihongi, during a campaign to subdue the indigenous Kumaso people, the empress received a divine oracle instructing the emperor to conquer the Korean kingdom of Sill...

Okizakaru, Okitsunagisabiko, Okitsukahibera

  Kami appearing in Kojiki as Izanagi returned from the land of Yomi. As Izanagi purged himself from his pollution, he threw away the bracelets on his left arm, thus producing these three deities. The prefix oki of these names contrasts with the he prefixing the names of the three deities created whe...

Ōkuninushi

  Other names: Ōnamuji no kami, Ashiharashiko no o no kami, Yachihoko no kami, Utsushi kunitama no kami (Kojiki), Ōmononushi no kami, Kunitsukuri ōnamuchi no mikoto, Ashihara no shikoo, Yachihoko no kami, Ōkunitama no kami, Utsushi kunitama no kami (Nihongi).    As indic...

Ōkuranushi, Tsuburahime

  The kami of Okanoura in Tsukushi. According to the record of Emperor Chūai's reign in Nihongi, the emperor was making a progress to Tsukushi (present-day Kyushu) when his boat attempted to enter the estuary of Oka. Unable to make headway up the estuary, the emperor asked his pilot Kumawani the...

Okuyamatsumi

  A kami produced from the belly of the fire deity Kagutsuchi when he was beheaded by his father Izanagi. According to Kojiki, Izanagi's wife Izanami died as the result of burns received when giving birth to the fire deity. Grieving at Izanami's death, Izanagi cut off Kagutsuchi's head with his ten-s...



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