Encyclopedia of Shinto Kokugakuin University
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Modern and Contemporary


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Shajikyoku (Bureau for Shrines and Temples)

Bureau located within the Home Ministry between 1877 and 1900. October 11, 1877 saw the abolition of the Ministry of Religious Education (Kyōbushō), which till then had overseen the administration of Shintō and Buddhism. On the nineteenth of that month, the new Bureau for Shrines and...

Shinbutsu Bunri

The separation of Shintō and Buddhism. A series of administrative measures implemented by the Meiji government, designed to prohibit the shinbutsu shūgō (the systemic combination of kami and buddhas, shrines and temples, and their priesthoods) system that had continued since the Nara...

Shintō Jimukyoku

The Shintō institute for proselytizing and doctrinal research comprised of kyōdōshoku (preceptors — Shintō priests recruited to the Taikyō senpu, or Great Promulgation Campaign) and established in March 1875 in the Yurakuchō district of Tokyo. In 1872, the Meiji g...

Shintō Shirei (The Shinto Directive)

The Shintō Directive. A directive issued to the Japanese government by GHQ on 15 December 1945, the full title of which was "Regarding the abolition of government protection, support, supervision and proliferation of State Shintō or shrine Shintō." It was guided by the Potsdam Declar...

Shiwahiko Shrine, Shiogama Shrine Priest Training Institute

  A training institute for shrine priests (see also Shrine Priest Training Institutes) approved by the Association of Shintō Shrines (Jinja Honchō) shrines and run by Shiwahiko Jinja and Shiogama Jinja. These two shrines were originally separate entities, but were merged in the early Meiji ...

Shrine Parishioner Registration (ujiko shirabe)

A set of regulations for the registration of parishioners at large and small shrines promulgated by the Council of State and in operation for two years from the fourth day of the seventh month in 1871 until May 29 1873. The regulations for shrine parishioner registration comprised seven articles, t...

Shrine priest training institutes

For a priest to receive an appointment to a shrine attached to the Jinja Honchō (Association of Shintō Shrines), he or she has to acquire qualifications as set out by the Association. In prewar times, the would-be priest had to meet stipulations as laid down in imperial edicts. Shrine pr...

Sonsha

Village shrines, a category of shrine stipulated under the shrine system established in the Meiji era. The broad categorization was between official shrines (kansha) and other shrines (shosha), and village shrines fell into the latter category, under gōsha. In the gōsha teisoku (Regulatio...

State Shintō

  In the narrow sense, kokka Shintō refers to shrine Shintō as supervised until 1945 by the state and as administered separately in law from other forms of Shintō. In the wider sense, it has been conceptualized as the state religion manifest in the merging of the Shintō of the imp...

Taikyō Senpu

The Great Promulgation Campaign. In a narrow sense, this refers to the propagation by senkyōshi missionaries of the Great Teaching (taikyō), in other words, the great way of the kami (kannagara no taidō); the movement was launched in 1870 by the "Imperial Rescript on the Great Teach...

Taisha Kokugakukan

The Taisha Kokugakukan (Izumo Shrine Priest Training College) is a Jinja Honchō-approved training institute for shrine priests (shinshoku) managed by Izumo Taisha. Izumo established the institute within the shrine precincts in 1938 with a view to promoting Shintō-based ethics; it trained ...

The Meiji Jingikan

The early Meiji office for the administration of ritual and shrine affairs, established in the seventh month of 1869, and located above the Council of State (Dajōkan) in the institutional hierarchy. In the fifteenth century Ōnin wars, the ancient state's Jingikan building was burned to th...



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