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Home » 3. Institutions and Administrative Practices » Modern and Contemporary
Mukakusha
Unranked shrines. This is a category of shrine in the Meiji shrine ranking system entirely without rank, not even that of sonsha (village shrines). Among all shrines, these had the absolute lowest status. Shrines of this sort were also referred to as zassha, or "assorted shrines." To such shrines, there was no disbursement of support for annual offerings; there was no tax relief either. At the end of the war, there were some 59,997 unranked shrines, which was about half of the total number of shrines in the land.
See Kindai Shakaku Seido (The Modern Shrine Ranking System).

— Inoue Nobutaka
"Establishment of a National Learning Institute for the Dissemination of Research on Shinto and Japanese Culture"
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