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Home » 7. Concepts and Doctrines » Basic Terms
Tama
A general term for spirit or soul in ancient times. In addition to human spirit, it also refers to spirit or spiritual force in nature. A human soul is considered a spiritual entity that comes from outside and dwells in the body, endowing the individual with energy and personality. The word tamashii (spirit, soul) presumably had an original meaning of the "function of tama." Mitama (溲) is an honorific term of tama. When it is written with the characters (mitama), it refers to a spirit of a kami. Later on, the spelling of came to be used exclusively for goryō, a spirit that brings hazards to a human society.
See also konpaku

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"Establishment of a National Learning Institute for the Dissemination of Research on Shinto and Japanese Culture"
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