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Home » 9. Texts and Sources » Other Basic Texts
Kasugagongengenki
(Takatsukasa Mototada)
Record of the Appearances of the Kasuga Deity. An illustrated handscroll (emaki) that presents various miraculous events associated with the Kasuga kami. Ink and colored pigments on silk. Twenty scrolls. This title is also used to indicate the text of this work alone. Commissioned by the Minister of the Left Saionji Kinhira (1234-1315) in 1309, the illustrations were drawn by the Bureau of Painting official (edokoro azukari) Takashina Takakane, while the text calligraphy was done by four individuals: the former Kanpaku Takatsukasa Mototada, and his sons the Regent (Sesshō) Fuyuhira, the acting Dainagon Fuyumoto, and the Kōfukuji Temple Administrator (bettō), Ryōshin. Originally presented to the Kasuga Shrine and kept there out of sight, it is now in the Imperial Household Agency collection. The work consists of fifty-eight tales starting with the oracle by the kami of Kasuga in 937, referring to itself as the "Jihi Mangyō Bosatsu" (Compassionate Bodhisattva of Myriad Acts), and concluding with a sermon explaining that the main shrine (shadan) is actually the Pure Land, while within the sacred fence (mizugaki) is actually Vulture Peak (Skt=Gŗdhrakūţa, J=Ryōju-sen). All the tales bear the strong influence of the Buddhist doctrine of assimilation (honji suijaku). The text is included in Gunsho ruijū: Jingi-bu, and Shintō taikei: Jinja-hen: Kasuga. The illustrated handscroll is included in Nihon emakimono shūsei, vols. 3 and 4 (Yūzankaku, 1929). An English translation is found in Royall Tyler, trans., Miracles of the Kasuga Deity (New York: Columbia UP, 1990).
       See also Kasuga shinkō (Kasuga worship)

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