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Home » 9. Texts and Sources » Other Basic Texts
Tsukisakaki
(SuzukiMasayuki
In five volumes. It is also called the Shidaionsho (The Book of the Four Great Obligations). Written by Suzuki Masayuki (1837-71), a kokugaku scholar active during the period spanning the end of Bakufu and the Meiji Restoration, it was finished in 1867. Not really looking at the origins of Shintō, it explains the concepts of the true nature of kokoro (heart/mind, shinsei), lord and parent (kunshin), heaven and earth (tenchi), and source (izumi). The book is essential for understanding the thought of Masayuki. The so-called "four great obligations" are the obligations to kami (shin'on), to parents, to one's sovereign, and to the country. With reference to Motoori Norinaga's theory of Naobinokami, Masayuki developed his own theory of creation, reasoning that that it is the sovereign's duty to execute the will of the Amatsukami, and that the way of the Amatsukami for subjects is to dedicate themselves to their work. The abridged translation by Koyasu Nobukuni is included in the Nihon no meicho (The Classics of Japan) in the volume on Hirata Atsutane, Satō Nobuhiro, and Suzuki Masayuki (1972, Chūōkōronsha). The full text is included in Shintō taikei (Compendium of Shintō), Ronsetsu-hen (Editorials), Shoke Shintō (Shintō schools), First volume (1988).

— Yazaki Hiroyuki
"Establishment of a National Learning Institute for the Dissemination of Research on Shinto and Japanese Culture"
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