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Home » 9. Texts and Sources » Other Basic Texts
The author and year of completion of this single volume Ryōbu Shintō text are unknown. The title kunge can be also read as kunkai, or even kinge. Although it is said that Kūkai was the author, it is speculated that the original version of the text was completed towards the end of the Heian period (794-1185), with the current version being completed during the Kamakura period (1185-1333) by priests of the Jimon branch of the Tendai sect of Buddhism based at Onjyōji and Yoshidzusengūin at Ise. This text is the oldest-known commentary on the Nakatomi-no-harae in existence, and is also one of the earliest Ryōbu Shintō works. The Nakatomi-no-harae itself was revised from the earlier ōharaekotoba form (which was intended to be read aloud), to a written report form. The text was used by the Jingikan during the middle of the Heian period, and by the end of the Heian it had become widespread through its use in harae rites by Yin-Yang diviners (onmyōji) and the shrine priests (shinkan) of the Grand Shrines of Ise (Ise Jingū). The commentary found in the Nakatomi-no-harae kunge is based upon the esoteric teachings (taimitsu) of the Tendai Buddhist sect. The work had great influence on the Shintō gobusho and Reiki ki. Nakatominoharae kige is its alternate version. The Nakatomi-no-harae kunge is included in Shintō taikei, Kotenchūshaku-hen, Nakatominoharae chūshaku; Nihon Shisō Taikei, Chūsei Shintō-ron (1977, Iwanami Shoten); and Ōharaekotoba chūshaku taisei Volume 1 (1941, Naigai Shoseki).

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