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Home » 9. Texts and Sources » Other Basic Texts
Hachiman gudōkun
This two-volume work (also called the Hachiman gudōkun) concerns the miracles of the kami Hachiman, and is written in a style that even children can understand. Some scholars believe that the two volumes – kōhon (book A) and otsubon (book B) – were originally written as a single book, but others disagree and argue that the two were written separately. In addition, there are differing opinions concerning when the books were finished, but many consider them to have been finished by the beginning of the fourteenth century. Since both books refer to Iwashimizu as "this shrine", it is thought that they were written by the shasō (shrine monk) of the temple associated with Iwashimizu Hachimangū. Book A emphasizes Hachiman's military accomplishments over the enemies of the Imperial Court: among the stories included are the legends of Empress Jingū and Emperor Ōjin, the war of Bunei, the origin and history of Hakozakigū, the war of Kōan, the prayers for the surrender of foreign enemies performed by Eison of Saidaiji, and the war of Jyōkyū. Book B is grounded in the theory of shinbutsu shūgō (commonly known as "kami-buddha syncretism") and claims that Amitabha Buddha is the source (honji ) of the earthly manifestation (suijyaku) of Hachiman. This book is subdivided into fourteen chapters whose titles are derived from shinbutsu shūgō thought and which describe the miracles and blessings of Hachiman. It is thought that these books may have been written one after another for two complementary purposes: first, as an offering of thankgiving to Hachiman as a "nation-defending kami" (gokokujin) after the Imperial court's defeat of the Yuan army; and second, to extol the virtue of Hachiman as Amitabha Buddha, who brings blessings to all living beings. Book A of the Hachiman gudō is included in the Gunshoruijyū, Jingi-hen, Book B is included in the Zoku gunshoruijyū , Jingi-hen, and both volumes are included in the Nihon Sisō Taikei, Jisha engi (1975, Iwanami Shoten).
See also Hachiman shinkō .

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