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Home » 9. Texts and Sources » Other Basic Texts
This single volume work is generally considered to have been completed around 1223. It is also known by such names as the Sannō engi and the Hie sannō ki. Its author is unknown. Because it contains a section entitled "Sannō koto" (literally, "Sannō things") in which the doctrine of Sannō Shintō was put forth, the Yōten ki was believed to be the oldest Sannō Shintō text on record. However, because of the recent discovery of an earlier-dated manuscript of the Sannō engi , it is now considered that the "Sannō koto" material was added later, and that the Yōten ki was originally intended to be a ritual protocol for the hereditary priests of the Hiyoshi family. Today, the Yōten ki is a very valuable reference for understanding the rites and history of Hiesha at the beginning of Kamakura period when doctrine of the Sannō Shintō was still being developed. This text is included in the Zoku gunsho ruijyū , jingi-bu, and the Shintō taikei, Jinjya-hen, Hie.

— Satō Masato
"Establishment of a National Learning Institute for the Dissemination of Research on Shinto and Japanese Culture"
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