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Home » 9. Texts and Sources » Other Basic Texts
Ryōnogige
An official annotation of the Yōrōryō, spanning ten volumes. At the order of Emperor Jiyunna, the Minster of the Right, Kiyohara Nonatsuno, served as the chief editor of an editorial board of twelve members which included the judge Okihara Nominiku and the legal scholar Sanukino Naganao. The Ryūnogige was compiled in five years. Emperor Ninmyō gave the order in 833, and work on the project was started the following year. The project was prompted by the legal scholar Nukatano Imatari's suggestion in 826 that an official compilation should be made to clarify and unify the many different annotations of the ritsuryō codes that existed in question and answer format and private records. Since the interpretations contained in the official annotations carried the same legal power as the laws themselves, the compilation of the Ryōnogige can consequently be seen as act of law making. Since then, the annotations have been respected in the same manner as the laws themselves, and edicts of the Yōrōryō (lit. "laws and codes") have been passed down as the Ryōnogige. Among the ten volumes and thirty books, nine books of volumes 1, 8 and 9 were soon lost; however, with the exception of two laws concerning storehouses and medicines, the remaining seven were restored as the Ryōnosyūge. These two laws were, for the most part, eventually restored in compilations such as the Seiji yōryaku. The Jingiryō gige (the annotation of Jingiryō) is included in volume 2, and is referenced as the fundamental law outlining the ancient national public rites. The Ryōnogige is included in the Shintei zōho kokushi taikei, popular edition (Yoshikawa Kōbunkan). See also Ryōnosyūge.

—Takashio Hiroshi
"Establishment of a National Learning Institute for the Dissemination of Research on Shinto and Japanese Culture"
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