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Home » 7. Concepts and Doctrines » Basic Terms
Tsumi
An action that violates social norms and order. Tsumi also connotes certain taboo naturally occurring hazards that are considered dangerous or impure. These consist of the 2heavenly sins and earthly sins" (amatsutsumi, kunitsutsumi) listed in the Kojiki and the Nihongi and in the Liturgy of the 2Great Purification" (ōharae) on the Last Day of Sixth Month in the Engishiki. Tsumi include anti-social behaviors such as disruptions of agricultural work, injuring or killing people, adultery, as well as sickness and natural calamity. The idea of sin in Shintō has shifted through time. Nevertheless, its basic character has remained the same: sins can be expunged by purification rites (harae). Human beings are not considered intrinsically sinful. Generally speaking, there is no conception of original sin as in Christianity.

— Fukui Yoshihiko
"Establishment of a National Learning Institute for the Dissemination of Research on Shinto and Japanese Culture"
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