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Home » 7. Concepts and Doctrines » Basic Terms
It may also be written as ľľ. The concept of naobi is thought to demonstrate the ethical consciousness of the Japanese people. Naobi means to correct something abnormal, bad, or distorted, and to restore it to its normal or original condition. Naobi also refers to the wondrous spirit that rectifies wrong. In the Kiki (Kojiki and Nihongi) and in liturgical prayers (norito), this spirit is denoted by such names as Kannaobi no mikoto (Divine Naobi), or Ōnaobi no mikoto (Great Naobi). During the early modern period, scholars of "national learning" (kokugaku) used the word in book titles to signify the elimination of Chinese ways of thinking, or the demonstration of correct meaning and original values.

— Fukui Yoshihiko
"Establishment of a National Learning Institute for the Dissemination of Research on Shinto and Japanese Culture"
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