Encyclopedia of Shinto Kokugakuin University
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Home » 4. Jinja (Shrines) » Ritual Implements and Vestments
Ōgi
Originally a fan for cooling oneself, in Shinto ritual used as an accessory to ritual vestments. Unlike the flat and rigid uchiwa, the folding ōgi was invented in Japan, and is found in two main types, the hiōgi made of thin overlapping slats of Japanese cypress (hinoki), and the kawahori, made by fixing a sheet of folding paper to bamboo ribs. Under the present system of priestly vestments established by the Association of Shinto Shrines (Jinja Honchō), the hiōgi is designated as an accessory to the style of men's formal vestments called ikan (formal court attire with headdress), wrapped in a paper sheath (tatōgami) and concealed within the robe. Women carry a type of hiōgi called akomeogi when wearing "formal vestments" (seisō, the most formal category of attire) or "ritual vestments" (reisō, the second-most formal category of attire), but carry a type of kawahori called bonbori with "ordinary vestments" (jōsō). The ritual manners involved in using a fan are referred to as ōgihō. (See also Seisō, reisō, jōsō.)

-Motosawa Masashi
Ōgi (ceremonial fan)

Shinto Museum of Kokugakuin University

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