Encyclopedia of Shinto Kokugakuin University
 main menu
  »New EOS site



  »Guide to Usage

  »Contributors & Translators


  »Movies List

Home » 4. Jinja (Shrines) » Offerings and Talismans
A calendar (koyomi or reki) distributed by the Grand Shrines of Ise. Prior to World War II, the only official calendar distributed was called the honreki ("official calendar"), and was issued by the Grand Shrines Administration (Jingū Shichō). In 1946, however, the distribution of calendars was deregulated, and the honreki was renamed the Jingūreki ("the Jingū calendar"). The predecessor of the Jingūreki was the Ise goyomi, a generic term for calendars published by the calendar makers of the towns of Uji (site of the Inner Shrine) and Yamada (site of the Outer Shrine). It is generally believed that the Ise goyomi originated in 1631, first made by Moriwaka Tayū ("Master Morikawa"). From the late seventeenth century, the lower-ranking priests of Ise called oshi, who had previously distributed calendars made in Kyoto (Kyōgoyomi) and Niu (Niugoyomi), began distributing the Isegoyomi as gifts together with the amulets of the Grand Shrines (Jingū taima) which they delivered to their clients each year's end. As part of the reforms of the Meiji period, however, the system of oshi was abolished from 1871, and the distribution of Ise goyomi thus ceased. In April 1882, a directive from the Grand Council of State (Dajōkan) established that official calendars (honreki) and "abbreviated official calendars" (ryakuhon goyomi) would be distributed from the Grand Shrines of Ise beginning the following year, and that single-page calendars might be produced by anyone, so long as they abided by publishing ordinances. The Grand Shrines thus began issuing calendars again from 1883, and these calendars were informally known as Jingūreki.

-Inoue Nobutaka
Ise calendar from the second year of the Genchi period (1865)

Shinto Museum of Kokugakuin University

Ise calendar from the second year of the Genchi period (1865)

Shinto Museum of Kokugakuin University

"Establishment of a National Learning Institute for the Dissemination of Research on Shinto and Japanese Culture"
4-10-28 Higashi, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo, 150-8440, Japan
URL http://21coe.kokugakuin.ac.jp/
Copyright ©2002-2006 Kokugakuin University. All rights reserved.
Ver. 1.3