Encyclopedia of Shinto Kokugakuin University
 main menu
  »New EOS site



  »Guide to Usage

  »Contributors & Translators


  »Movies List

Home » 8. Schools, Groups, and Personalities » Modern Sectarian Groups
One of the thirteen sects of pre-war Shinto. Jikkōkyō was based on Fujidō, founded by Hasegawa Kakugyō (born in Nagasaki, 1541-1646) and known as one of several early-modern mountain cults focused on Mount Fuji (Fuji shinkō). Organized as Jikkōsha (Jikkō Association) following the Meiji Restoration by Fujidō's tenth leader (kyōshu), Shibata Hanamori (1809-90), the group was one of those that developed with strong modern Shinto orientation in the context of Meiji-period government administration of religion.
       Becoming an independent religious sect with the name Shintō Jikkōha in 1882, the group changed its name the same year to Shintō Jikkōkyō, with Shibata assuming office as its first Superintendent (kanchō). After his death Udono Nakayuki succeeded him as leader, but following Udono's death, the group changed its rules so that the descendants of Shibata Hanamori should succeed to the position of religious leader. His eldest son Shibata Reiichi (1840-1920) became the twelfth leader of the movement, followed by Shibata Magotarō (1871-1939) and Shibata Michinori (1900-).
       In 1940, the movement gained the status of a legal religious organization under the terms of the Religious Organizations Law (Shūkyō Dantaihō), while in 1946 it was registered as a religious corporation under the postwar Religious Corporations Ordinance (Shūkyō Hōjinrei) and then, in 1952, under the Religious Corporations Law (Shūkyō Hōjinhō).
       Before World War II, the group directed its activities from its headquarters at Shinjuku in Tokyo, but those headquarters were destroyed in air raids during the war. In 1948, the movement moved its headquarters to its current location in Ōmiya, Saitama Prefecture. The group pays worship to the deities Tensosanjin (aka Amatsumioyamoto no chichihaha), which it views as the origin of all things in the universe, together with Mount Fuji, which it considers a holy mountain where a manifestation of Tensosanjin's spirit resides. Its activities are aimed at realizing the spiritual unity of the deities and humans, undertaking "true practice" (jitsu no gyō = jikkō) with a sincere mind, and praying for the eternity of the Imperial throne and the welfare of all people. See also Hasegawa Kakugyō.
       Headquarters: Saitama Prefecture
       Nominal membership: Approximately 110,000 (M)

— Inoue Nobutaka
The Headquarters of Jikkōkyō.

Saitama Prefecture, 2007

©Ōsawa Kōji

"Establishment of a National Learning Institute for the Dissemination of Research on Shinto and Japanese Culture"
4-10-28 Higashi, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo, 150-8440, Japan
URL http://21coe.kokugakuin.ac.jp/
Copyright ©2002-2006 Kokugakuin University. All rights reserved.
Ver. 1.3