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Home » 5. Rites and Festivals » State Rites
Ōtono hogai
A court ritual directed to the three kami Yafunekukunochi no Mikoto, Yafune toyouke hime no Mikoto, and Ōmiyanome no Mikoto intended to rid the palace from disasters. It was performed on various occasions, including: the daijōsai (the first niinamesai celebration performed by a new emperor after kōi keishō succession the throne), the annual niinamesai (imperial harvest festival) and jinkonjiki (a communal meal with the kami at for the imperial ancestors), occasions when the imperial residence is moved, and after the plastromancy divination (bokujō) to determine which imperial heirs would serve as saigū or saiin. The norito liturgy [for this ritual] contained in the Engikshiki is a pacification blessing asking that the new palace built for imperial succession will be peaceful. Before the establishment of the imperial capital (kyūto), the palace was moved with each imperial succession, and divinations to appoint the saigū and saiin were conducted at the beginning of each imperial succession. The ritual, originally performed as a part of building a new palace on the occasion of imperial succession, over time came to be performed on a variety of other occasions. The rite calls for jewels to be hung at the four corners of the building, and for the official female plastromancy oracle (mi-kannagi) to scatter rice, sake, and mulberry paper confetti (kiriyuu) while the court priest (inbe) recited a norito liturgy in a low voice. A minor ceremony called mikado hogai was appended to the main rite, in which the mi-kannagi scatters rice and sake around the palace gate. While this ceremony was originally used to bless newly-built buildings, it came to be used also as a means of rebuilding even old buildings spiritually.

— Takamori Akinori
"Establishment of a National Learning Institute for the Dissemination of Research on Shinto and Japanese Culture"
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