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Home » 5. Rites and Festivals » Shrine Rituals
Shikinensai
Rites held annually. Rites of this type are broadly divided between those held regularly at shrines and those held for the imperial ancestors at the palace. Those held at the palace are conducted according to the Ordinance of Imperial Household Rites (Kōshitsu saishirei) of 1908. According to the regulations set out there, rites for the three most immediate past emperors, the previous empress and the dowager empress (if they are no longer living) are ranked as a taisai among the shikinensai, while those for more distant generations of imperial ancestors are ranked as shōsai. The ceremony is held on the day of an emperor's death, and again on the same day three, five, ten, twenty, thirty, forty, fifty, and one hundred years after the death, with subsequent ceremonies at one hundred year intervals. In addition rites for Emperor Jinmu as well as a collective ceremony for previous emperors are held annually. When these coincide with shikinen years, the shikinen rites are performed instead. Well known examples of shrine rites held at fixed year intervals include those of the Dazaifu Tenmangū, Kitano Tenmangū, and Nikkō Tōshōgū held at fifty year intervals, the shinkōsai held at twelve year intervals at the Kashima Shrine and Katori Shrine and the onbashira-sai of the Suwa Taisha held at seven year intervals. The shikenen sengū of the Grand Shrines of Ise is also one type of shikinensai.

— Inoue Nobutaka
"Establishment of a National Learning Institute for the Dissemination of Research on Shinto and Japanese Culture"
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