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Home » 5. Rites and Festivals » Rituals in Okinawa and Amami
Also written with the Chinese characters . In Okinawa it refers to a fortune-teller, who can also be called munushiri ("knower of things") or shimuchii ("book"). Fortune-tellers are said to be part of the tradition of male shamans (toki) and indeed most are men. They use knowledge both from books (almanacs from the Takashima ekidanjo and also divination books written by themselves) and from experience. They deal with a wide range of problems, such as real estate, moving house, setting out for a journey, engagements, marriages, funerals, graves and buildings, and their prognostications are based on the client's birth-date and physiognomy. Sanjinsō are different from yuta (female shamans) in many mutually-recognized ways; for example, they do not show signs of possession (kami-daari) and they do not go through shamanic initiation rites. Nevertheless there are many points where their functions overlap and this has led to rivalry between them. Sometimes the distinction between them is very slight; for instance, some sanjinsō may not use almanacs and books of divination (as in the case of most yuta), relying on spiritual power alone, while on the other hand some yuta do use books.

— Hatakeyama Atsushi
"Establishment of a National Learning Institute for the Dissemination of Research on Shinto and Japanese Culture"
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