Encyclopedia of Shinto Kokugakuin University
 main menu
  »New EOS site



  »Guide to Usage

  »Contributors & Translators


  »Movies List

Home » 5. Rites and Festivals » State Rites
Chinka sai (hi/ho shizume no matsuri)
"Rite for Appeasing the Fire kami." Also called "hi/ho shizume no matsuri." Recorded in the Jingiryō as one of the so-called rituals of the Ritsuryō Shinto system. The Ryō no gike records the festival as a fire-prevention rite, but some maintain that it was intended more to prevent fires within the imperial palace and other state facilities in particular than it was to prevent fires in general. This biannual festival was held in the sixth and twelfth months of the lunar calendar in the four corners of the imperial and official facilities. There are extant oral traditions describing the concrete details of the ritual, but their content is not known. According to the Kujikongen, many secret magical formulas are used during the rite. The object of worship (saijin) in the rite is the kami Ho-musubi, the last offspring of the legendary Izanami as recorded in the Engishiki. The liturgy (norito) of this rite tells the story of Ho-musubis birth, and explains the various kami and objects that appease him. This is one case in which the link between Shinto legend and ritual is quite clear. Also, considering the fact that the oracle from the Department of Divinities (Jingikan) conducts the rite, it appears that it also contains a strong Yin Yang divination or onmyōdō element.

— Namiki Kazuko
"Establishment of a National Learning Institute for the Dissemination of Research on Shinto and Japanese Culture"
4-10-28 Higashi, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo, 150-8440, Japan
URL http://21coe.kokugakuin.ac.jp/
Copyright ©2002-2006 Kokugakuin University. All rights reserved.
Ver. 1.3